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Cultivation, Grow Help




Growing cannabis is an artful science. The math of growing fruitful and healthy cannabis buds is just as important as the tender, love and care growers put into their efforts and harvest. An important corne rstone of maintaining a vigorous and bountiful plant and yield is lighting.

Growers from novice to veteran understand the importance of lighting for their cannabis plants. This article will assist you in understanding the fundamentals of the lighting spectrum. 

What is the Lighting Spectrum?

Since the 80’s, government agencies such as NASA have been trialing the effects that LEDs have on plants. We have learned that different ranges of light have many different effects on plants, especially cannabis.



To the naked eye, light only appears white. However, the reality is that light comes in a range of recognizable colors. If you have ever witnessed a rainbow after a storm, then you have an understanding of the spectrum.

The complete spectrum of light (pictured below) is an electromagnetic spectrum that ranges from infrared lights to ultraviolet (UV) light. The light spectrum is also measured in nanometers (nm).

Visible light can range anywhere from 380 nanometers to approximately 750 nanometers. Every organic being on this planet is dependent on light to thrive and survive.

Although sunlight allows a complete spectrum in the form of wavelengths to organic life, it can be quite inefficient for indoor growers. Below, we have provided a fundamental guide to understanding which level of lighting is most effective:

Lighting and the Vegetative Stage

Most studies have shown that lights in the Ultraviolet range are extremely beneficial for the overall body of the plant. Ultraviolet lights, or simply ‘blue light’ is essential in promoting and maintaining healthy and hearty leaves during the vegetative stage.

This is achieved indoors by using lights such as compact fluorescent lamps, or CFLs or metal halide light bulbs. The lights aforementioned are capable of producing 400 to 500 nanometers of lights, or the latter end of the UV light spectrum.



These lights mimic the Sun’s ability to give off the appropriate amount of blue light during the Summer and Spring seasons. 460 nanometers are often regarded as the model number of nanometers of light for cannabis during the vegetative stage.

Green light (495-570 nanometers) has been proven to be the benefactor in yielding lettuce, however, this is not the case when cultivating cannabis.

Lighting and the Flowering Period


When your cannabis plants have become ready to enter the flowering period, the most effective light is infrared or red light. Infrared lighting falls in the range from 620 nanometers to about 780 nanometers.


The goal of the flowering period is to yield the most buds your cannabis plants can physiologically produce.


Scientists have shown that infrared lighting brings the rate of photosynthesis to its apex versus any other light on the spectrum. Some cases note that 660 is an exceptional number of nanometers to produce those big buds.


Infrared lighting imitates the red wavelengths showcased by our Sun during the dog days of Summer and Fall. There is also little evidence that yellow light (570-590 nanometers) is useful for cannabis in its flowering period.


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Cultivation, Grow Help

Many elements make up our world; they are helpful as well as harmful. When it comes to growing cannabis, your choice of medium is important. Moreover, the elements growers feed their cannabis are the factors that determine their plants’ life, their yield and their overall health.

Keep reading for a WeGrow guide to the periodic elements that you should include in your soil. They will surely boost the growth of your garden!

Nitrogen (N)

The average grower recognizes Nitrogen as a ‘fertilizer’. However, Nitrogen possesses many other beneficial properties. For cannabis to produce the proper sugars as well as photosynthesize effectively, Nitrogen is crucial.

Thanks to this macronutrient, your cannabis yields those luscious thick hunter green leaves and bountiful buds. Conversely, most professional growers will inform you that your cannabis needs less Nitrogen during the flowering stage.

Potassium (K)

Second, we have Potassium (K). Most people hear the term ‘potassium’ and think of bananas. However, growers should understand that this macronutrient is also extremely integral to the health of your plants.

Growers also recognize this element as a fertilizer. They use potassium to promote effective water use, deter harmful pathogens and even strengthen their plants on a cellular level.

Moreover, growers use potassium to prevent the yellowing of their plants’ leaves, which is a symptom of a cannabis plant stricken with a plant disease. By including the proper percentage of Potassium in the soil, they are sure to promote the overall vitality of their garden.

Phosphorus (P)

Lastly, we have Phosphorus (P). This element is also a macronutrient with its own share of tremendous properties. Similar to Nitrogen, Phosphorous plays a huge role in the photosynthesis of your cannabis plants. Thanks to Phosphorous, the energy absorbed by the cannabis plant can be effectively distributed throughout its parts.

The metabolic control held by Phosphorus is essential to the overall plant health. Growers who add the appropriate amount of Phosphorus to their soil can yield fantastic results when it is time to harvest their cannabis.

The Magic Formula of Growing 

Now that you have a better understanding of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, it is time to learn the balance between these macronutrients. Brands group these three fertilizers together as ‘N-P-K’ due to their periodic table representation. All plants, including cannabis, need a certain percentage of the 3 for optimal vegetation and flowering.

Professional growers will tell you that high levels of Nitrogen as well as Potassium coupled with high Phosphorus levels during the vegetative stage is quite ideal. When flowering your cannabis, it is preferred that growers substantially cut back on the Nitrogen while providing medium and high levels of phosphorus and potassium respectfully.

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Cultivation, Grow Help



From the time your seedling germinates to the time you make your last feeding before harvesting mature buds –  the health, stability, and ultimately a satisfying yield depend instrumentally on the nutrients.

Understanding the specific needs of the cannabis plant is crucial for optimal growth. WeGrow is here to help guide you through the nutrient selection process. Following a timely feeding schedule during vegetative growth will ensure your young plants receive ample fortification and nourishment to prepare for the next step: the flowering cycle. Throughout the flowering cycle the cannabis plant requires certain new combinations of nutrients to make a fruitful bloom happen.

Keep reading for some exclusive WeGrow tips to make your nutrient search quick, painless and affordable:

Vegetative Growth:

As your seed, cutting or clone grows, it requires a base level of nutrient fortification to keep it on track. Since your (hopefully) healthy young cannabis plant has yet to have time to develop deficiencies, it is important to include a bit of preventative practice. This will ensure that it is getting accustomed to nutrients that will help it overcome problems later. “A” & “B” classified nutrients are a cannabis industry standard and are sold by many brands.



These nutrients will be your plants’ regular feed for the entirety of its life cycle.

You should use these nutrients as a base in conjunction with other supplements that we will detail below:

 




Rapid Start:

RapidStart is a an extremely helpful solution that delivers nourishment to the roots of the plant, while simultaneously supporting the plant’s growth and ultimate yield. This “rooting enhancer” can be used in both major stages of the cannabis plant’s life cycle.


Cal Mag:

Cal-Mag Plus is an essential supplement meant to account for deficiencies that may occur within the plant’s growth cycle. When used with other essential nutrients, Cal-Mag Plus’ supply of calcium, magnesium and iron work to ensure a healthy and robust harvest. It should be used in both vegetative and flowering stages.

 

Flowering:

So, you’ve made it through your plants’ vegetative stage, you’ve settled them into their new bigger pot environments, they are looking strong and now you are ready to “flip” them into flowering. The first two weeks of the flowering cycle (8 week total as standard, some strains may take longer/shorter to fully mature) are vital to how the plants starts to develop buds. It is important to keep a heightened “A” & “B” regimen in addition to these time-dependent supplements:

P/K:
As you near your 2nd week of flowering, add some Phosphorous & Potassium for higher yields. 


Bloom Solution:

Utilizing an effective Bloom Solution is very important to your garden’s flowering period. Be sure to add this supplement to your regular feedings, but do not overfeed. 


Knowing the right nutrients to use is certainly crucial, but it is also extremely important to understand when NOT to use them. This occurs twice during a plant’s growth cycle. The first is immediately after you have taken your cuttings; introducing nutrients right away will shock the young clones, stunting their growth and often times causing your young plant to die. Spray nutrient-less filtered water on the fan leaves to ensure proper moisture.

The second time you should not use nutrients is before harvesting; allow at least a full week of nutrient-less filtered watering to ensure that your harvest tastes and smells great!

Keep following WeGrow for more information, industry updates, tips, tricks & hacks to get the most out of your grow!

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Cultivation

As the old Scottish proverb states, “Necessity is the Mother of Invention.” This is none all too true than in the case of the cannabis industry. As the demands for better products grow larger, more and more technology & innovation is starting to emerge. Therefore, small to mid-sized growers now have many options at their disposal when it comes to choosing their path to a great harvest.


WeGrow is here to help you stay informed on the similarities and differences, features, advantages & drawbacks of both indoor and outdoor cultivation.

Outdoor Growing


The History:

Outdoor cannabis is one of the most ancient plants that have been studied and identified as having psychoactive compounds. It evolved from the steppes of Central Asia. The cannabis plant’s 12,000+ year history is full of references to spirituality, nobility, and stature.

It has been used as an anesthetic in ancient medicine dating as far back as 4000 BC. The dump sites of the hunters and gatherers were rich in nutrients. Thus, unsurprisingly they served as great breeding grounds for the marijuana plant. From there, the “holy herb” traveled through the early world. Cannabis finally landed in the United States by way of Mexico in the early 20th century.  

The Logistics:

First, it is important to understand that cultivating cannabis outdoors is a highly unstable venture. Growers who grow outdoors are subject to many factors. These factors can alter the trajectory of their plants in many negative ways. From the unintended cross pollination of the plants due to pollen in the air from male plants, to adverse and unpredictable weather conditions, outdoor grows are certainly stressful.

However, there are of course several key advantages to cultivating marijuana outdoors. The natural sunlight, ample space, & healthy soil all work together to stretch your outdoor plants to their highest potential. What your plants will lack in stability, if all goes well, they’ll make up in quantity of harvest.

Indoor Growing


The History:

Of course, indoor grows are a much more recent development. Forced underground due to the unfair characterization of the drug as dangerous, growers who knew better started to develop techniques that would mimic the natural environment suitable for cannabis cultivation.

Necessity certainly bred innovation, and now the indoor cannabis boom is in full swing. From lighting tech such as VividGro products, to grow help & information, modern growers are in luck. Channels now exist for individuals in legal states to cultivate their own quality bud. This is certainly great news for growers that may not necessarily have the space to grow outdoors, or may not want the hassle of adverse conditions potentially ruining their crop.

The Logistics:

For growers in states where it is legal to cultivate, the indoor option is the more optimal choice simply because of the level of ultimate control they are able to exert. By following proper water management, using the appropriate tools, and knowing the ins and outs of the process (flower cycle, veg cycle) growers will surely come away with a great harvest and less stress.

While you may not get the biggest harvests from your indoor garden, dialing in the factors above will create potent, pungent, sticky buds that are less prone to developing seeds or deficiencies.

In a head-to-head showdown, we’d have to give it to Indoor grows over outdoors grows, mostly due to the stability of the growing environment.

Classic Strains (Outdoor)

Classic Strains (Indoor)

Keep following WeGrow for more exclusive tips, tricks & hacks to get your grow into top form! Happy Growing!


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