Understand Your Indoor Hydroponic Grow Space
All great things have a beginning. When planning for a successful grow, you may need to consider multiple variables to make this journey as smooth as possible. A great place to start is by focusing on the foundations. Your indoor grow space is the key to an overall positive growing experience. Get this right and all else will follow.
A Grower’s Guide to the Right Equipment
The hydroponic system we recommend for novice growers is Deep Water Culture system. This is one of the most simple of systems. Hydroponics is the practice of growing in aerated water, such that the plants’ roots dangle in a nutrient-rich water source. Net cups are filled with a growing medium like clay pebbles and replace to anchor the base of the plant. These net cups are suspended at the top of a bucket of nutrient-rich water. An airstone is added to the bottom of the bucket and a pump bubbles air into the water. The roots of the plant grow through the growing medium and the net cup and stretch directly into the bubbly nutrient-rich water.
During each phase of the grow cycle plants absorb different spectrums of light. Using different bulbs will provide the proper spectrum of light to the plant for specific phases of the grow cycle.
Metal Halide bulbs are used for vegetative growth. Metal Halide bulbs provide a more balanced white light spectrum. High-Pressure Sodium bulbs emit a more orange spectrum of light, from red to yellow. High-Pressure Sodium bulbs light spectrum is best for the flowering stage of growth.
These intense growing lights require the use of a ballast. A ballast gives you control over the light that is being emitted. A widely used example is the inductive ballast. Inductive ballasts are used for Metal Halide and High-Pressure Sodium bulbs, to limit the current through the tubes, which would otherwise rise too high.
Growing within a closed space is recommended for beginners. Closed spaces such as grow tents give you the ability to manage your growing environment. Grow tents let you hang lights above the plants, and their reflective sides distribute light evenly to all parts of the plant. Grow tents save money on energy costs since you won’t need to control humidity and temperature in the entire building! Finally, using a grow tent helps keep pests out, and you can grow year round!
When growing within a grow tent, it’s critical you have a proper ventilation system. Ventilation helps control temperature, humidity, mold, and pests. Lights emit a lot of heat, and the proper air circulation will keep the temperature down. Ventilation also brings fresh C02 into the tent and pushes the old air out. Proper levels of C02 is imperative for photosynthesis to occur we want plants to grow! Keeping fresh air flowing through the tent will help keep pests and mold out, as they thrive in stagnant air.